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Political cooperation


Political cooperation

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Basic data

Area: 450.295 sq km (inland waters included)

Capital City: Stockholm, 968.455 inhabitants;
2.361.864 inhabitants including province (last update 30.06.2019)

Main Cities: Göteborg, 575.597 inhabitants; Malmö, 341.856 inhabitants (last update 30.06.2019)

Official Name: Konugariket Sverige – Kingdom of Sweden

System of Government: Hereditary Constitutional Monarchy

Head of State: HM Carl XVI Gustaf

Head of Government: Prime Minister Stefan Löfven (Chairman of a
four-party right-wing coalition)

Foreign Minister: Ann Linde

Legislative institution: Parliament consisting of a unicameral assembly with
349 members, publicly elected for 4-year terms

Legal system: Civil law, influenced by customary law

Suffrage: Universal suffrage

International Organizations membership: CBSS, CERN, EAPC, EBRD,
(as "guest"), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UN, UNCTAD, UNDOF,

Population and Social Indicators

Population: 10.281.189 (last update 30.06.2019)

Growth rate: 1.08 % (2018 compared to the previous year)

Life expectancy at birth: Women 84 years; Men 80 years (2014)

Ethnical groups: The Swedish population mainly belongs to the Germanic-
Scandinavian stock. Laplandish (Sami) and Finnish minorities are present
on the territory. Sweden hosts displaced people and political refugees from
several Countries. 24% of the population has foreign origins (either they
were born abroad or one or both their parents were). 15% of the population
is born abroad: in Finland (170.000) and in Iraq (121.000). There are 200
nationalities represented in Sweden.

Religions: 70% of the population belong to the Church of Sweden
(Protestant, Lutheran). Catholic Church consists of 97.000 members.

Official Language: Swedish. Official linguistic minorities: Laplandish
(Sami), Finnish, Meänkieli (Finnish dialect spoken in Tornedalen), Yiddish
and Romany Chib (gipsy language).

Main Political Parties: Political Parties represented in Parliament are:

Social-Democrat Party

Moderate Party

Liberal Party

Centre Party

Environmental Party

Sweden Democrats

Christian-Democrat Party

Left Party



The elections were held on September 9th 2018 to nominate 349 members of the Riksdag. The electoral turnout registered 87,18% people voting, which resulted in an increasing percentage of 1,38% compared to the 2014 elections. The Social-democrats attained the 28,3% of the voting preferences, the lowest point in the party’s history since 1911. The Social-democrats managed anyway to obtain victory, given the fact that even the Moderate Party lost support. Moreover, the Sweden Democrats have seen a large increase of voters in alignment with the positive trend of the last years. On September 25th 2018, the Parliament approved a voter of no confidence towards Löfven’s Government, which passed with 204 votes in favour and 142 against. In any case, after this vote the decision was to establish a caretaker government with Löfven as Prime Minister.

On November 9th , the President of the Riksdag Norlén commissioned the Moderate leader Ulf Kristersson to constitute a government. Kristersson had the support of other two parties: the Christian Democrats and the Sweden Democrats. The Liberal Party and the Centre Party stated that they were unwilling to form a coalition with the Sweden Democrats. However, Kristersson did not manage to win the elections only by 154 votes in favour and 195 against. This was an historical voting: for the first time since 1971, when the bicameral system was abolished in Sweden, a Prime Minister candidate was rejected by the Riksdag. On November 15th, President Norlén invited the leader of the Centre Party Annie Lööf to establish a government. Yet, even this attempt resulted unsuccessful. Hence, Norlén decided to appoint Löfven as PM but also in this case the nominee lost the crucial voting on December 14th 2018.

Afterwards the fruitless voting, President Norlén stated that he was willing to make the negotiations among the parties start again. At the same time, Norlén did not rule out the possibility of a snap election in April 2019 in the case of impossibility to form a government. On January 11th the Social-democrats, the Green Party, the Centre Party and the Liberals finally reached an agreement which allowed Löfven to continue his mandate as Prime Minister. On January 18th Löfven was formally re-elected as PM with 115 votes in favour and 77 abstentions. The new red-green Government (Social-democrats and Green Party) resulted to be one of the weakest minority Governments in Sweden’s history. In fact, the coalition counts on the support of other parties in the Riksdag, such as the Centre Party and the Liberals.